According to an accepted origin, King Uthong moved
his court to an island in the Chao Phraya River
because he believed an epidemic would afflict his people. The Lavo
and Mon kingdoms preceded Ayutthaya (aka Ayodhaya). Both
fell under Khmer control, but the Thai of Ayutthaya
became independent and sacked Angkor
in 1351 AD.
In 1548 AD the Toungoo Dynasty in
Burma launched an unsuccessful invasion into western Ayutthaya.
Subsequent wars resulted in Burmese control of Ayutthaya in 1564 and 1569 AD. King Naresuan led a revolt and killed
Mingyi Swa (Burmese heir-apparent) during an elephant duel on 18 January 1593 AD. He proceeded to capture Burmese
territory in Martaban (first capital of the earlier Hanthawaddy kingdom) and
Tenasserim. However, Naresuan was unable to seize the capital
at Toungoo. Western influence increased in the region and Ayutthaya
even sent a diplomatic delegation in 1686 AD to the
court of French King, Louis XIV.
RISE OF SIAM:
Ayutthaya gradually declined after the death of Naresuan. Some provincial governors rebelled and exerted
personal power. Burmese forces again invaded from the north (Chiang Mai)
and west (Three Pagodas Pass).
They sacked Ayutthaya, burning the city in April 1767 AD. The Burmese withdrew after a few months to
counter a Chinese invasion. Thai general, Phraya Taksin, led a
successful revolt and founded a new Siamese capital at
He was succeeded by King Chakri, who moved the capital to
Bangkok and fostered
respect for royalty via good works and pomp, such as the
barge procession. His descendants currently
retain the right to kingship in Thailand.