In 683 AD, Dapunta Hyang Sri Jayanasa founded Srivijaya after leading his followers from Minanga Tamwan to
Jambi and Palembang
of an ancient region called "Matajap". An important center for this kingdom was located on the
Moesi River. Jayanasa conquered the
Kingdom of Melayu (aka Jambi) circa 680s AD.
He later conquered the kingdoms of Kalingga (6th-7th centuries AD)
and Tarumanagara (358-669 AD).
Circa the 8th century AD, the Buddhist family of Sailendra
on Java intermarried with Srivijayan royalty. The Sailendras built the
impressive temple at Borobudur.
Srivijaya was a center for trade between China and
India during the period of 850-1025 AD. A current
aspect of ancient Srivijayan culture is the Banding Srivijaya dance.
In 990 AD, the Kingdom of Medang invaded and sacked
Palembang. King Chulamanivarmadeva of Srivijaya petitioned and received help from a Chinese army, which
repelled the Medang army in 1006 AD. Chulamanivarmadeva retaliated by helping king Wurawari in
Luaram to revolt. A combined force destroyed Medang palace and executed the royal family.
EMPIRE COLLAPSE: Rajendra Chola I of the Chola Empire
raided Srivijayan ports in 1025 AD and for a time occupied Kadaram
(modern Kedah). This resulted in
downfall of Sailendra domination in Srivijaya and the empire made peace with an old enemy, the
Kingdom of Kahuripan (1019-1045 AD).
In 1068 AD, king Virarajendra Chola of the Chola Empire seized Kadaram
from Srivijaya. The Battle of Kedah and invasion took a heavy
toll in disrupted trade, lost warriors and squandered wealth. Many regions rebelled and formed independent
kingdoms. In the empire's waning years, Malayu briefly became the capital. Shortly thereafter Dharmasraya was
the capital, becoming chief city of the Dharmasraya Kingdom (1183-1347 AD) on Sumatra.